The United States has used the agreement at least twice to keep the accused military under U.S. jurisdiction.  On January 18, 2006, the U.S. Military retained custody of four soldiers accused of rape while they were visiting Subic Bay during their trial in a Philippine court.  They were detained by U.S. officials at the U.S. Embassy in Manila. This has led to protests from those who believe that the agreement is unilateral, harmful and contrary to the sovereignty of the Philippines. [Citation required] The agreement has been characterized as immunity from criminal prosecution for U.S. military personnel who commit crimes against Filipinos and treatment of Filipinos as second-class citizens in their own country.   As a result of these problems, some members of the Philippine Congress considered ending the VFA in 2006.   However, the agreement has not been amended. Topics: government and politics, global politics, defence, defense and national security, foreign policy, Philippines, United States, Asia, China, Indonesia, Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei-Darussalam Over the next decade, the Philippines became a center of U.S.
counterterrorism strategy. When the Obama administration seized on U.S. foreign policy, a conflict aedd by Rodrigo Duterte`s new regime. The United States` condemnation of Duterte`s «war on drugs» and its tacit support for Duterte`s critics allowed the Alliance to weaken again. The turning point was reached in recent weeks when Duterte announced the end of the visiting force agreement. The assumption that the abrogation of the U.S.-Philippine defence agreement would strengthen China needs to be carefully considered. Although there is a history of mismanagement, the main reason between the U.S. and the Philippines` renunciation is related to the Duterte regime. In February, Duterte ordered the termination of the Visiting Forces Agreement, jeopardizing security coverage for the Philippines, which is increasingly hostile to Chinese actions in the South China Sea. Under the agreement, Washington and Manila had 180 days after giving notice – in this case until August – to try to salvage the deal. On February 11, 2020, Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte officially announced at the U.S. Embassy in Manila that he was coming to an end to the pact, with the denunciation expected to come into force in 180 days, unless otherwise agreed during that period.
In the past, Duterte has shown admiration for both Russian forces and the People`s Liberation Army of China, although the Philippines and China are involved in a dispute in the South China Sea over sovereignty over the Spratly Islands.  In June 2020, the Philippine government reversed this decision and announced that it was maintaining the agreement.  The main effect of the agreement is to require the United States Government to notify the Philippine authorities when it is aware of the arrest, arrest or detention of Filipino personnel visiting the United States and, at the request of the Philippine government, to invite the competent authorities to waive jurisdiction in favour of the Philippines, except in cases of particular interest to the U.S. Department of State or defence.  [VIII1] The waiver of U.S. jurisdiction is complicated because the United States is a federation of American states and therefore a federation of jurisdictions. The Philippines-U.S. Visiting Agreement, sometimes the PH-US Visiting Forces Agreement, is a bilateral agreement between the Philippines and the United States, which consists of two separate documents. The first of these documents is commonly referred to as «VFA» or «VFA-1″ and the second is referred to as «VFA-2» or «counterparty agreement.»  A Visiting Forces Agreement is a version of an agreement on the status of the armed forces that applies only to troops temporarily stationed in a country. The agreements entered into force on 27 May 1999, after ratification by the Philippine Senate.
   The U.S. government considers these documents to be executive agreements that do not require the approval of the U.S. Senate.   The agreement contains various procedural safeguards to protect the rights to a procedure