Start I Agreement

On March 22, it was reported that Russia and the United States had begun exchanging data in accordance with the provisions of the treaty. U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Rose Gottemoeller said the U.S. Nuclear Risk Reduction Center on March 19 and 20 handed over to Russia the U.S. database containing data on missiles, launchers, heavy bombers and warheads of the parties subject to the treaty. On April 1, at the G20 meeting in London, Presidents Obama and Medvedev stressed the need for a lower level of strategic offensive weapons, including delivery vehicles and warheads, than those defined in the SORT agreement, including verification measures «stemming from the parties` experience in implementing the START Treaty.» The two Heads of State and Government underlined their intention to conclude the agreement before the expiry of START I in December 2009. In addition, the head of Russia`s strategic missile forces, Nikolai Solovtsov, told news agencies that Russia would begin deploying its next-generation RS-24 missiles after the START-1 treaty with the United States expires on December 5. Russia hopes to amend the START-1 treaty with a new agreement. The heightened tensions come despite warming relations between the United States and Russia in the two years since U.S. President Barack Obama took office.

[20] START I expired on 5 December 2009. Both parties agreed to continue to abide by the contractual terms until a new agreement is reached. [19] There are proposals to renew and extend the treaty, supported by US President Barack Obama. Sergei Rogov, director of the U.S. and Canada Institute, said, «Obama supports a sharp reduction in nuclear arsenals and I think Russia and the U.S. could sign a new treaty in the summer or fall of 2009 that would replace START-1.» .